Equitable, Accessible, Affordable
Lack of investment incentives for private sector, inefficiencies in public healthcare system and lack of quality human resource pool and supply & distribution contribute to the under developed healthcare infrastructure in semi-urban and rural areas.
70% of the indian population lives in semi urban and rural areas, whereas 80 % of the healthcare infrastructure is built in urban areas. Rural India accounts for 70 per cent of all communicable cases.
60% of the rural population lacks access to critical medicine.
30% of rural population travel over 30km for medical treatment.
The doctor to patient ratio in rural India stands at 1:30,000 , well below WHO’s recommended 1:1,000.
India has Only 0.9 Hospital Bed per 1000 population and 0.7 Physicians per 1000 population against WHO guidelines of 3.5 Beds per 1000 and 2.2 Doctors per 1000.
369,351 Government Beds in Urban Areas whereas 143, 069 Beds in Rural Areas.
1/3rd of Indian’s urban poor are estimated to be living in slums , characterized by overcrowding , poor hygiene and sanitation and absence of civic services.
According to the Planning Commission, outpatient services are 20-54 % Costlier and inpatient services 100-740 % costlier than Public Healthcare.
India’s total healthcare expenditure as a percentage of GDP has increased to 4.1
World Bank reports that India is globally ranked 2nd in the number of children suffering from malnutrition and the number of under weight children in India is the highest in the world.
Shortage of teachers is approximately 30-40 per cent to requirement in medical colleges.
74% of the graduate doctors in India work in urban areas which account for only 28 % of the population. Almost 70 % of the medical colleges set up in the last five years are in the private sector.
National Efforts to make Healthcare Accessible in India
With the goal of improving healthcare in India, the national government has increased its spending on healthcare from 21 % to 31 % of the total GDP in 2011.
Government programs such as the National Rural Health Mission ( NRHM ) , National Urban Health Mission ( NUHM) , Rashtriya Swasthiya Bima Yojana and Pradhana Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana were established to address the key issues failing the healthcare system in India.
The recent adoption of the Millennium Development Goals[link], has improved the accessibility of healthcare in India. The government funded, “Universal Health Coverage,” ensures citizens access to an essential range of medicines and medical treatment at an affordable price. This coverage is ideally free for a large percentage of the population.
Benefits of Using Telehealth
About 42.5% of one survey’s health system respondents found that their primary motivation behind investing in telemedicine tools was filling in gaps in care
21% of patients in one survey said that not having to travel to the doctor’s visit was the top benefit of telemedicine
44.3% of healthcare system respondents of another survey said that patient care gaps due to community remoteness were the main reason for adopting telemedicine
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